Best Wood Fillers: What are they?
A wood filler is a product used to fill large gaps between two surfaces. They may be applied with a brush or spray gun, or they may be placed directly into the hole using a roller or other tool. There are many types of wood fillers available today; however, there are three main categories: hardwood (e.g., oak), softwood (e.g., maple) and mixed woods (e.g. walnut). Hardwoods such as oak and maple are usually used for interior walls while softwoods like maple and walnut are most commonly used for exterior walls.
Hardwood fillers are generally considered superior to their softer counterparts because they provide better resistance to water penetration than softwoods do, but they have a tendency to crack when subjected to high temperatures, which makes them unsuitable for use in hot climates where the temperature can reach over 100°F (38°C). Softwood fillers, on the other hand, tend to crack at lower temperatures and can withstand higher temperatures without cracking.
The most common type of wood filler is a combination of hardwood and softwood materials. These products are known as “bondo” fillers because they contain both hardwoods and fibers from various trees such as pine or spruce. These fillers are suitable for both interior and exterior use and can provide a long-lasting solution to surface cracks and holes.
Best Wood Fillers: Why do I need them?
Fillers are used to fix gaps, cracks, holes, and other imperfections in walls, ceilings, and other structures made of wood. They can also be used on furniture. While most residential and commercial buildings are made of wood, it is a fairly soft and porous material. As such, it can be prone to damage over time. These damages can occur during and after construction in the instance of new buildings, or they can occur over time as a result of wear and tear.
Cracks and holes can form when walls expand and contract due to changes in temperature. They can also form as a result of damage from pests and vermin, or as a result of damage caused by natural disasters such as fires and floods.
The types of fillers used to repair these damages depend on several factors such as the type and size of the hole or crack, existing construction materials, and the structure’s intended purpose (e.g. interior or exterior).
Best Wood Fillers: What are the different types?
There are several types of wood fillers available on the market today. These include:
Hardwood fillers: Hardwood fillers consist of sawdust and small wood chips such as oak, hickory, or ash. They can be mixed with various resins and acrylics to increase their durability, weather resistance, and flexibility. Hardwood fillers are suitable for filling cracks and holes in both exterior and interior walls.
Softwood fillers: Softwood fillers consist of small wood chips such as pine or cedar. They are suitable for filling cracks and holes in exterior walls since these materials are more resistant to the elements than their hardwood counterparts.
Mixed wood fillers: Wood fillers consist of a combination of softwoods such as pine and resins. They are suitable for filling holes and cracks in both interior and exterior walls.
There are several other types of wood fillers such as fiberglass and foam, but these materials are not as popular and are typically only used in specialized situations.
Best Wood Fillers: What are the benefits?
The primary benefit of using wood fillers is that they are easy to use and readily available at most home improvement stores. In addition, wood fillers are usually less expensive than other types of fillers such as concrete.
Best Wood Fillers: What are the drawbacks?
The primary drawback of wood fillers is that they can be aesthetically unpleasing to the eye. While many wood fillers on the market are tinted to match the color of real wood, these materials can still be noticeably different from the materials they are meant to repair. As a result, these fillers can stand out if not applied properly.
Best Wood Fillers: Tips & Advice
When using wood fillers, there are a few important things to keep in mind.
-Always wear a respirator, eye protection, and work gloves when working with wood fillers.
-Wood fillers can be tinted to look like real wood. These fillers are less likely to stand out when used to repair damaged areas.
-Always test wood fillers in an inconspicuous location before using them to repair large holes or cracks. This will ensure the product works as intended and will not damage the underlying surface.
Sources & references used in this article:
Thermoplastics reinforced with wood fillers: a literature review by AK Bledzki, S Reihmane, J Gassan – Polym.-Plast. Technol. Eng., 1998 – Taylor & Francis
Weight reduction: wood versus mineral fillers in polypropylene by B English, N Stark, C Clemons – Proceedings of the Fourth …, 1997 – naldc.nal.usda.gov
Thermal Degradation of Wood Fillers at the Melt-Processing Temperatures of Wood-Plastic Composites: Effects on Wood Mechanical Properties and Production of … by C Gonzalez, GE Myers – International Journal of Polymeric …, 1993 – Taylor & Francis
A comparative investigation of bio waste filler (wood apple‐coconut) reinforced polymer composites by S Ojha, G Raghavendra, SK Acharya – Polymer composites, 2014 – Wiley Online Library
Acrylic wood filler by PS Columbus, J Anderson – US Patent 4,345,044, 1982 – Google Patents