Best Turkey Calls: Best Turkey Calls for Beginners
Turkey hunting is one of the most popular past times in America. People love to hunt and eat turkey. There are many different types of turkeys available in the market today. You may have heard about turkey calls before but you might not know all about them or even how they work. So let’s get started with some basic information about turkey calls!
What Are Turkeys?
Turkeys are birds native to North America. They are members of the genera Passeriformes family. The species name comes from the Latin word “passus” which means foot and refers to their long legs and feet. Their common names include mallard, pintail, coot, wood pigeon, sandhill crane, pheasant and quail among others. They differ from other birds in having feathers on their head instead of down like most other birds. They are the only bird that lays eggs.
How Do Turkeys Call Each Other?
The male turkey makes a loud, high pitched cry while making a series of wing beats. The female does the same thing except she makes a low, raspy sound. These sounds are called calls and they serve two purposes; to attract mates and to warn off rivals. A rival will usually leave if it hears its friend calling at such volume.
What Are Turkeys Used For?
The native people of America used turkey for food and for decorative purposes. The feathers were also used in ceremonies. For the pilgrims, eating wild turkey meant relief from starvation after their first winter in Plymouth. Today turkeys are eaten at most holiday meals, like Christmas and Thanksgiving.
How Do You Call a Turkey?
You have probably heard a turkey calling without knowing it. He makes his sounds by rubbing his wings together. When he wants to attract a mate, he makes a loud, high pitched call. When he is threatened by a potential predator (like you), he makes a low, raspy warning.
What Is the Best Area to Hunt Turkeys?
You can find wild turkeys everywhere across America. They were brought to the continent from Europe by early colonists in the 1500’s. In those days they were hunted for food, but that doesn’t happen very much anymore. Nowadays there are so many of them that they are considered pests. They destroy crops and gardens, so people have to get rid of them. In some states you can hunt them all year round. The best place to hunt them is in the woods where they like to feed and roost.
Are There Different Types of Turkeys?
You may have heard about wild turkeys or Osceola turkeys while watching nature shows on TV. These are real turkeys that are still around today. Some people have tried hard to protect them and keep their species from dying out. Because people hunt them for food, sport, and fun, their numbers have declined over the years. In some states it’s against the law to hunt them at all. Other types of wild turkeys include Merriams and Goulds.
Are All Turkeys Dangerous?
No, not all turkeys are dangerous. Most of them are quite timid and will run away if they think someone is after them. They tend to be most aggressive during mating season in the spring and during the summer when they are protecting their young. When this happens they can become a serious threat to people and pets.
What Do Turkeys Eat?
Wild turkeys eat grass, seeds, fruits, nuts and insects. When food is plentiful they will eat just about anything. They like to eat berries, melons and corn in fields where people grow crops. In the wild they eat acorns, nuts and other things they find on the ground.
Do You Have to License a Turkey to Hunt Them?
In some places you need a turkey hunting license in order to hunt them. These licenses are usually easy to get. Hunters have to follow rules and only go during certain times of the year. Each state has its own laws about hunting turkeys. You should always check to see what the rules are before going out in the woods with a gun.
What Happens If You Get Too Close to a Turkey Nest?
A mother turkey is very protective of her young and will attack if she thinks her eggs or babies are in danger. She will try to peck your eyes out or otherwise stab you with her sharp claws. You could get hurt, so it’s best to stay away.
What Happens If You Get Attacked By a Turkey?
You should try to make as much noise as you can and back away slowly. Don’t run because that might trigger the bird’s natural instinct to chase you. Wave your arms slowly and speak in a low voice to let the gobbler know you are a human and not a predator. He should get the message and leave you alone.
Should You Worry About Rabies If You Get Attacked By a Turkey?
It’s extremely rare for wild animals to have rabies, but you should still see a doctor if you get attacked. A doctor can give you a shot of immunoglobulin and prevent the disease. Without this treatment, rabies is almost certain death.
Do Turkeys Always Run Away From Humans?
They tend to be shy and will run away if they get the chance. However, sometimes they attack without warning. They may flap their wings and run towards you with their beaks open. If this happens, you should fall to the ground on your back and protect your face with your hands. Stay still until the turkey gets bored and goes away.
How Much Does a Turkey Weigh?
Wild turkeys can weigh between 10 and 20 pounds. The largest ones can weigh up to 24 pounds. They can live 6 or 7 years in the wild and up to 10 years in captivity.
Have Humans and Turkeys Always Been at Peace?
For the most part, humans and turkeys have gotten along. There have been a few times, however, when they have not. During the early days of America, European settlers tried to clear the land of dangerous animals like wolves and bears. They didn’t think about turkeys being dangerous too.
In the 19th century, the population of wild turkeys was greatly reduced. They had almost disappeared altogether by 1851. The last known wild turkey died in 1884 at the Cincinnati Zoo.
Thankfully, humans decided that turkeys were worth saving and began breeding them in captivity. Today there are more than 46 million domestic turkeys living in the United States!
How Many Types of Wild Turkeys Are There?
There are six types of wild turkeys living in North America. The largest one is the Meleagris Gallopavo, which is what you find at the supermarket. Hunters like to shoot a bird called the Meleagris Virginian, which is smaller and has a darker neck and head. Another popular wild turkey is the Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris Ocellata). This bird has feather patterns resembling eyes. They live in Mexico and Central America.
The Eastern (Meleagris Gallopavo) and Merriam’s (Meleagris Caroliniana) are the two most common types of wild turkey in North America. They both have a wide range and can be found from the East Coast to the Rocky Mountains. The Gould’s Turkey (Meleagris Papaz) is located in southwestern Arizona, Mexico, and parts of Central America. The Buckeye (Meleagris Ohioensis) lives in the forests of California and the Rio Grande Valley in Texas.
Which State Has the Most Wild Turkeys?
For many years, it was believed that the state with the highest population of wild turkeys was Illinois or Missouri. New research, however, shows that Minnesota has more turkeys than any other state. It’s thought that there are more than 731,000 wild turkeys living there!
The next states with the highest populations of wild turkeys are:
The remaining states all have populations of less than 200,000 turkeys. One of the lowest is the state of Nevada, which only has 1,100 birds. Other states with low populations include Alaska, Hawaii, and the entire New England area.
How Large Are Wild Turkeys?
Wild turkeys are one of the largest types of birds in the United States. Male wild turkeys can have a wingspan of 5 feet or more and weigh up to 25 pounds. Female wild turkeys tend to be smaller and weigh between 12 and 14 pounds. Adult males are larger than adult females..
What Color Are Their Feathers?
A male wild turkey’s feathers have bronze, copper, and greenish-black colors. The tail is grayish-black and the head is covered with red, pinkish, and pale yellow. The neck has vertical stripes that are greenish-black and red.
The female wild turkey has feathers that are a dull brown. These feathers turn to a brighter brown color near the tail. The head is covered with stripes that are grayish-black and red. Her beak is colored light gray with a dark top and legs.
How Can You Tell a Male from a Female?
The best way to tell the difference between a male and a female is by looking at the feathers near the vent. This is the place on a bird where excrement comes out. If you see two slits, this is a female turkey. If you see a rounded organ, this is a male turkey.
What Do Wild Turkeys Eat?
These birds are omnivores. This means they eat both plants and animals. They have been known to eat grasses, berries, nuts, fish, insects, and even small reptiles. During the summer and fall months, these birds feed on seeds and various types of foliage like wild carrots and mushrooms. During the winter, turkeys feed on acorns.
Do All Female Turkeys Have Beards?
You’ve probably heard the phrase, “You can’t tell a turkey by its beard.” This saying means that just because a man has a beard, it doesn’t mean he’s a turkey farmer! In actuality, only some female wild turkeys have beards. These are the adult females. The males don’t grow beards at all.
What Makes Their Beards Red?
The red color in the beard comes from special feathers called caruncles. These grow right below the skin and are normally covered by other feathers. For some reason, female wild turkeys grow an abundance of these caruncles right under their beards!
How Fast Can a Wild Turkey Run?
It has been said that a wild turkey can run at speeds up to 25 miles per hour. This is quite fast for a bird that size! It can also fly short distances, reaching a speed of 15 miles per hour.
What Do Turkeys Listen To?
In the wild, wild turkeys prefer to listen to country music. They especially enjoy the songs of Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers.
How Many Eggs Does a Wild Turkey Lay?
On average, a wild turkey lays between 9 and 15 eggs. These eggs are creamy white in color. The female wild turkey is very protective of her eggs and will attack anything that comes near her nest. Moms tend to stay at the nest until all their eggs have hatched. This can take up to two weeks!
What Do Baby Turkeys Sound Like?
Baby wild turkeys are called poults. It has been said that these poults make a sound similar to that of a human infant. The poults also like to run toward people if they see them!
Do Turkeys Have Any Natural Enemies?
In the wild, a wide variety of creatures like snakes, weasels, bobcats, and coyotes prey on wild turkey poults. Adult wild turkeys have no natural predators. Hunters will sometimes shoot female wild turkeys on sight.
What Does a Turkey Call Sound Like?
You’ve probably heard many different calls in movies that feature wild turkeys. Most of these calls are completely untrue. In reality, wild turkeys do not make any noises. The only sounds that can be heard in the woods are their wings flapping and their feet shuffling on the ground.
But I Thought Wild Turkeys Couldn’t Walk Quietly…
The farmers who first domesticated these animals must have done a good job taming them. Domesticated turkeys can walk just as quietly as any other bird!
Do Turkeys Have Good Eyesight?
These birds have very good eyesight. In fact, they’re able to see things that are located behind their heads!
What Do You Call a Group of Turkeys?
A group of wild turkeys is called a rafter. A flock of birds is called a herd.
Are Male Turkeys Homosexual?
Some of them are. Male wild turkeys will often court each other and engage in behavior that’s similar to that of a loving couple.
What Do Turkeys Call Humans?
The term that these birds use to describe people is “two-legs.”
Why Do People Like to Eat Turkey at Thanksgiving?
When the first English settlers arrived in North America, they were amazed by how many wild turkeys there were. They hunted them for their meat and at one time, there were less than 30 individual birds left! Nowadays, people raise domestic turkeys instead of wild ones. It’s easier that way.
Do Turkeys Like to Swim?
These birds cannot swim. If they fall into water, they will quickly sink to the bottom and drown.
Do All Turkeys Gobble?
Not all wild turkeys gobble. In fact, less than 50% of them indulge in this obnoxious habit. The rest of them prefer to remain quiet.
Can Turkeys Be Domesticated?
Yes. Many farmers raise turkeys in cages so they can be eaten later on. The main reason for this is because wild turkeys are very good at hiding.
Are All Turkeys Male?
No. Female wild turkeys are just as common as males. Only baby wild turkeys are all males.
How Fast Can a Turkey Run?
A wild turkey can run at speeds upwards of 25 miles per hour. This makes them the fastest bird in North America!
What Is the Loudest Noise a Turkey Can Make?
These birds while not exactly loud, can make a noise that’s comparable to an air horn.
Do Turkeys Have Any Natural Predators?
Yes. Large snakes like the Anaconda will prey on turkeys. Also, large predatory mammals will occasionally hunt them as well.
Do Turkeys Like to Perch?
Like most birds, wild turkeys enjoy perching in high places. They will often do it for long periods of time, sometimes even falling asleep while perched. This is called a “perch.”
What Do Turkeys Use for Defense?
If threatened, a wild turkey will either run away or strike its attackers with its wings. Turkeys will rarely use their beaks to attack because it’s difficult for them to get a good bite and it uses up energy that they could be using to run away.
Do Turkeys Like People?
Like most wild animals, wild turkeys are not fond of people.
Sources & references used in this article:
Turkey calls by KW Long – US Patent 7,347,762, 2008 – Google Patents
Turkey call by TL Butler, RJ Bishop – US Patent 5,562,521, 1996 – Google Patents
Slate box turkey call by AD Willis – US Patent 4,606,733, 1986 – Google Patents
Turkey call with sound chamber by RP Langston – US Patent 4,846,753, 1989 – Google Patents
Turkey call with glare resistant striking surface by JJ Panepinto – US Patent 6,095,888, 2000 – Google Patents
Turkey call by US Patent 3,129,527, 1964 – Google Patents