Best Sugar Glider Food
Sugar gliders are omnivores. They eat plants, insects, eggs and even other animals. Their diet consists mainly of plant matter with some meat occasionally. Some species have been known to consume small mammals such as mice or rats.
Other species have not eaten any animal at all!
The best pellets for sugar gliders are those which contain high amounts of protein and fat. These foods are usually called “meat” foods. Meat foods are also very nutritious and provide many vitamins and minerals. However, they must be supplemented with vitamin A, D3 (for example), B12, E, K2 (for example) and other nutrients when available.
Most sugar gliders like their food cooked first before eating it raw so that the bones don’t get stuck in their digestive system. If you cook your food first, then freeze it, the bones won’t become lodged in the glider’s stomach.
If you feed them dried fruit instead of pellets, make sure to dry out the fruits thoroughly. Dry fruits are much easier for a sugar glider to digest than fresh ones. You can also add extra vegetables to their diet if they seem necessary.
The following list contains foods that you should not feed your sugar gliders:
Onions, Garlic and other related vegetables
Plants which are toxic to humans are toxic for animals too (for example castor bean plants)
Tomatoes and potatoes cause an allergic reaction in most sugar gliders. Those plants also contain a substance called solanine which is toxic to most animals.
The following foods are questionable and might or might not be suitable for your animal. You should try them out first before feeding them to your gliders regularly. The quantity is also important since some of these might be poisonous in larger quantities.
Meat, Fish and Eggs should be eaten in moderation as a part of a sugar glider’s diet.
Insects are not suitable food for this animal due to its nutritional composition.
Sugar gliders can eat honey but only in small amounts. Honey is not the best food for them.
Cheese is rarely found in the wild and should not be overused.
Gliders cannot get all the minerals they need from their food alone. That is why it is absolutely necessary to give your pet regular multivitamins and minerals. Sugar gliders need a lot of calcium since their bodies use a lot whenever they grow or regenerate. As with multivitamins, minerals should only be given in moderation and not more than once or twice a week.
There are many different kinds of mineral supplements on the market for exotic pets.
Diet and Nutrition
Sugar gliders are not picky animals. They will eat nearly anything that they can get their hands on. They do have a sweet tooth, so it is better to give them fruits or vegetables rather than meat. They prefer live prey if possible since their natural diet in the wild mostly consists of various insects and fruits.
In captivity, it is difficult to provide enough food for your pet because they need variety in their diet.
Sources & references used in this article:
Population ecology of the squirrel glider (Petaurus norfolcensis) and the sugar glider (P. breviceps)(Maruspialia: Petauridae) at Limeburners Creek, on the central … by DG Quin – Wildlife Research, 1995 – CSIRO
Habitat relationships of the mahogany glider, Petaurus gracilis, and the sugar glider, Petaurus breviceps by SM Jackson – Wildlife Research, 2000 – CSIRO
Population dynamics and life history of the mahogany glider, Petaurus gracilis, and the sugar glider, Petaurus breviceps, in north Queensland by SM Jackson – Wildlife Research, 2000 – CSIRO
Sugar gliders by S Rivera – Exotic Animal Medicine for the Veterinary Technician, 2016 – books.google.com
Studies on the arboreal marsupial fauna of eucalypt forests being harvested for woodpulp at Eden, NSW II. Relationship between the fauna density, richness and … by LW Braithwaite, ML Dudzinski, J Turner – Wildlife Research, 1983 – CSIRO
Metabolism and thermoregulation in the sugar glider,’Petaurus breviceps'(Marsupialia) by JC Holloway, F Geiser, G Koertner, S Cairns – 1999 – rune.une.edu.au
Possums and gliders by R Williams – Care and Handling of Australian Native …, 1990 – publications.rzsnsw.org.au