Stemless Red Wine Glasses: What Are They?
The stemless red wine glass is a type of glassware which uses a hollow tube inside it’s base. A small hole is cut into the side of the tube, allowing air to flow through. When poured from one end, the liquid flows down into another chamber where it cools before being poured out again.
Invented in 1869 by German chemist Friedrich Riedel, the stemless wine glass was first used commercially in Germany during the 1870s. However, its use spread rapidly throughout Europe after World War I when many countries were affected by a shortage of fine wines due to war damage and rationing.
Riedel’s invention made it possible for consumers to enjoy fine wines without having to purchase expensive bottles or go through the hassle of opening them. Because they did not need a corkscrew, the stemless wine glasses became popular among both home and professional drinkers alike.
At the time, the glassware was also used as a blatant advertising campaign by winemakers to promote their vintages. The wine glasses were incredibly popular in the inter-war period and were still being produced in Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa during the 1960s.
How Are They Used?
Stemless wine glasses are mostly used to drink different types of wine however they can also be used to drink other types of liquor or even some mixed drinks. They are especially popular among home drinkers and restaurants for their convenience.
The glass is designed in such a way that it can be easily gripped and does not need to be held by a stem or base when being poured, much like the traditional martini glass. The inside has a long, narrow channel which causes the liquid to flow from one end to the other; this stops the wine from spilling out of the side when tilted, but still allows it to empty quickly when tipped up to drink.
The most common kind of modern glass of this sort has a larger top opening but a smaller bottom opening, so that it can hold more liquid but pours it all out quickly when tilted. A variant of this has a wider top and narrower bottom, so that it holds less liquid but pours more slowly, making it suitable for people who want to savor their wine rather than just gulp it down. Different styles of stemless wine glasses are made to suit different types of wine; these are generally wider at the top so that the bouquet of the wine can be more easily appreciated.
What Are They Made Of?
There are three main materials from which stemless red wine glasses are made: glass, lead crystal, and plastic.
The most common is the standard class of glass which contains no lead or other heavy metals and is used for most household drinking glasses. These are generally durable, do not shatter easily, and can be easily produced by machine. The only major disadvantage to using them is that they go cloudy when chilled, which some people find undesirable.
Lead crystal stemless red wine glasses are made from a mixture of sand, soda, and lime heated to a high temperature; this causes the chemicals to combine and settle into a crystalline lattice structure. The glass is then cooled and shaped while hot. The addition of lead to the mixture lowers the temperature at which it crystallizes and makes it possible to blow the glass into complex shapes. It gives the wine glass a characteristic crystal clear appearance and produces a more resonant sound when it is tapped, this makes it perfect for drinking champagne
The final type of stemless red wine glass is plastic. These are relatively new and made by a method called injection moulding. Liquid plastic is injected into a hollow pre-formed mould which gives it the desired shape. It is then left to cool and solidify. While not as durable as the other two materials, it is widely used for stemless red wine glasses due to its low cost of manufacture.
When Should I Use One?
Stemless red wine glasses are a relatively recent invention and many people still do not own any. For this reason, it is best to reserve their use for either special occasions or when you are drinking a glass of very fine wine or champagne whose bouquet you want to fully appreciate.
How Can I Best Take Care of Them?
Stemless red wine glasses are generally quite sturdy and can be washed the same way as other drinking glasses. That being said, excessive heat can cause the plastic ones to become a bit more brittle, so it is best to was them by hand rather than putting them in the dishwasher.
Where Can I Get a Good Pair?
Stemless red wine glasses can be bought on Amazon or at your local department store. Crystal ones are a bit more expensive and can be bought from specialty glassware stores or websites.
What Are the Alternatives?
While stemless red wine glasses are designed to be used without a stem, it is perfectly fine to use a regular stem glass. If you prefer the convenience of a stemmed glass but do not wish to use one with a stem, there are two good options for you. The first is a “V”-shaped glass. These are tall and thin with a wide base, resembling the letter “V”, with no stem. The other option is for a wine glass with an angled stem. These resemble a traditional wine glass with the exception that the stem is angled so as to not touch the sides of the mouth. They are held in the same way as normal wine glasses.
If you want to avoid using either of these options, your final option is a plastic cup. These are very similar to the wine glasses with angled stems except they are made out of plastic rather than glass and can be used for both red and white wine as well as different types of drinks. They can be easily sanitized and are less likely to break if dropped.
No matter which option you choose, remember that the point of using a stemless wine glass is to be able to enjoy the bouquet of your drink so do not put ice in them or use them for other beverages.
Whether you are looking for a cheap plastic cup or a fine crystal wine glass, eBay has you covered. Look through our large selection of stemless red wine glasses today and find the perfect one to add to your glassware collection.
Sources & references used in this article:
Types of vine glasses by V Komisarenko – 2013 – dspace.nuft.edu.ua
Method for attachment of decorative pieces to glassware especially wineglasses by C Cherry – US Patent 10,531,752, 2020 – Google Patents
Nesting and reconfigurable wine glass by GC Weber, P Firouzi, AM Baran, E Bölke… – European Journal of …, 2018 – BioMed Central