Best Mechanix Gloves
Mechanic’s gloves are one of the most common items used in any type of job. They come in different types such as cotton, leather, nylon, etc. These gloves can be worn over or under other clothing.
Some have special features like zippers on the fingers to allow easy access to tools and other parts.
The main purpose of these gloves is to protect your hands from getting cut while working with machinery. They may also provide some protection against chemicals and dust. There are many different types of mechanical gloves available, but they all fall into two general categories: those designed specifically for use on machines and those made for hand labor.
These are the most popular type of glove because they offer good protection against cuts, abrasions, and chemical exposure. Machine gloves usually have elastic bands at the wrist and ankle areas, which allows them to fit tightly around the wearer’s arms. The padding of machine gloves is typically made out of spandex or Lycra.
Most manufacturers make their own specialized machine gloves. However, there are several companies that sell generic versions of these products. Generic machines gloves often cost less than their specialty models due to lower materials costs and lower labor costs associated with making them.
The major manufacturers of machine gloves are 3M, Apex, Bemis, Chauvin, General Dynamics, Graham & Brown, Iscar/Tierra, Lake Industries, Mechanix Wear, North American Rescue (NAR), Portwest, ProHand, Revere, Unit Fashions and W.H. Field.
Hand labor gloves
Hand labor gloves are made of thicker leather or fabric than machine gloves. Unlike machine gloves, they do not have bands at the wrist and ankle areas. They are sometimes called welder’s gloves because they offer good protection against burns.
Most hand labor gloves have padding in the palm area. Some have padding on every finger to protect the wearer against cuts.
In many cases hand labor gloves can be used for industrial applications as well as for standard hand labor. They can protect against cuts, abrasions, and minor burns but they are not as effective in these regards as machine gloves.
The major manufacturers of hand labor gloves are Ansell, Arrow, Crescent, Essco, Harwell Conley (Con-Serv), Lake Industries, MCR Safety, North American Rescue (NAR), Red Kap, Revere and Westing.
Often times machine gloves and hand labor gloves are sold in boxes of ten pairs or more. In some cases, these boxes may go unused especially if an individual only needs to use the gloves for a short period of time. In these situations, it would be helpful to have a supply of disposable gloves on hand.
Disposable gloves are designed to be used once and then thrown away.
Disposable gloves are generally made of nitrile, latex or vinyl. They come in powdered and non-powdered versions. Disposable gloves are useful when working with chemicals and other contaminants because they prevent these substances from directly contacting the skin.
Some disposable gloves are pre-lubricated or contain an impervious layer to allow them to be used with oils and solvents.
The major manufacturers of disposable gloves are Ansell, Arrow, Essco, Foresters, Lakeland, MCR Safety, North American Rescue (NAR), Red Kap, Trigard and Zephyr.
Most gloves are sized by a numerical system in which the number indicates the length of the glove’s fingers and the letter indicates the palm width.
The most common glove sizing system is represented by these two letters: S for Small; M for Medium; L for Large; and XL for Extra Large.
Other sizing systems that you may see are as follows: SML for Small Medium Large; SL for Small Large; and ML for Medium Large.
Glove sizes typically run in even numbers, however, some manufacturers, such as North, offer an “irregular” system.
Glove sizing is usually based on the length of the fingers as opposed to the width of the palm. A size S glove will fit a person with a long finger length; a size M will fit a person with average finger length; and a size L will fit a person with short finger length.
There are several methods to measure your hand in order to find the correct size of glove. The first and most common is to simply measure the length of your hand starting from the base of your palm to the tip of your middle finger. Your measurement will determine your “length size” which can then be compared to the numerical size chart found in the appendices of this guide.
The second method is to measure around your palm at the knuckles with your hand flat. Once again, your measurement can then be compared to an accompanying size chart.
The materials that are used to construct gloves can vary between leather, cotton, rubber, neoprene, nylon and plastic. Glove materials themselves can be natural; plastic or rubber derived; or metal or alloy. Some glove materials are designed to protect the wearer against hazardous materials while others are designed to improve the grip of the wearer on tools.
The three main glove types are puncture resistant, cut resistant and general purpose.
Puncture resistant gloves are designed to protect the wearer against sharp objects such as hypodermic needles. They are constructed using a thick material that will effectively deflect or cushion the impact of a puncture wound caused by sharp objects without sacrificing manual dexterity.
Cut resistant gloves are designed to provide protection against cuts and lacerations caused by sharp objects such as glass or jagged metal edges. They are constructed using thick, tough materials that will effectively deflect or cushion the impact of a cut without sacrificing manual dexterity. The outer skin of the glove is often textured or patterned to improve grip on tools and equipment and reduce the risk of slippage.
General purpose gloves are designed to provide basic levels of both puncture and cut resistance. They are manufactured from multiple layers of cotton, leather or PVC to provide the wearer with an adequate level of safety and comfort.
Other materials that can be found in gloves are elasticity, insulation and gripping substances.
Elasticity is the inclusion of small quantities of elastic materials within the glove which allow the material to be stretched around the fingers and wrist without becoming damaged or torn. The most common elastic materials are rubber and latex.
Insulation involves the use of materials that can help to insulate the wearers hands against extreme temperatures. The most common material used for this purpose is wool; it’s lightweight, easy to use and can be easily molded into gloves. Other materials such as plastic or rubber can also be used.
Grip enhancing substances can be applied to the palm of the glove which reduces the risk of the wearer’s hand from becoming injured or damaged when working with tools, equipment or machinery. The substances commonly used include powdered metals, coarse grains and small pieces of crushed brick.
As mentioned above, there are two main methods which can be used to measure the size of your hands. One method is to measure the length of your hand from the base of your palm to the tip of your middle finger and the second is to measure the circumference of your hand around the knuckles with your fingers closed. Your measurement can then be compared to the table below.
Glove Sizes Size Hand Length (inches) Hand Circumference (inches) X-Small 8 – 8.5 6.5 – 7 Small 9 – 9.5 7 – 7.5 Medium 10 – 10.5 7.5 – 8 Large 11 – 11.5 8 – 8.5 X-Large 12 – 12.5 8.5 – 9 XX-Large 13 + 9.5 +
The most basic parts of a glove are the body and the fingers. Between one and four fingers can be found on a glove with the most common being the seven fingered glove. Specialized gloves will often have more or less fingers, such as three fingered welding gloves and fingerless gloves.
A glove which covers the fingers and the hand but does not have separate finger openings is known as an mitten. Mittens are sometimes preferred over gloves because they offer more warmth and are easier to put on and take off. However, they do lack the sensitivity and flexibility offered by separate fingers.
The palm portion of some gloves will often include padding and reinforcement where the hand bends to reduce wear and increase protection.
The wrist of a glove is an often overlooked part of the garment which helps to prevent injury and strain. Wrist wraps can be used to make it harder for the glove to be pulled off and can reduce the amount of damage done if the glove is pulled off forcefully.
Additional components that are often included in work gloves are patches, knuckle protectors, wrist wraps, padded palms, reinforcement panels and touchscreen fingertips. Patches are pieces of fabric that can be stitched onto gloves to indicate the wearers name, employer or position. Knuckle protectors are additional pieces of molded plastic or metal which cover the tips of the fingers and help to prevent injury.
Wrist wraps are strips of leather, cloth or plastic which help to hold the glove in place and keep it from slipping off when the wearer is working. Padded palms are thicker areas of padding within the palm of the glove. Reinforcement panels are additional layers of material which protect the palm, wrist and forearm. They can be made from Kevlar, metal mesh or plastic. Touchscreen fingertips are thin pieces of metal or plastic foil placed within the fingertips of gloves to allow the wearer to operate a touch screen device without having to take their gloves off.
In addition to these components, some gloves include padding and support to the lower arm.
There are four main types of materials used in the construction of gloves; cloth, leather, latex and plastic. Each material has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.
Cloth is a fabric made from woven material. Cloth gloves are lightweight and flexible but do not offer much protection or insulation making them impractical for heavy work and cold environments. The main advantage of cloth gloves is that they are inexpensive and come in a wide variety of styles, colours and patterns.
Leather is animal skin that has been tanned for durability. Leather is flexible, durable and offers some protection but does not provide much insulation making it impractical for cold environments and heavy work. The most common types of leather used in the manufacture of gloves are cattle hide and goat hide.
Latex is derived from the sap of rubber trees. Latex gloves are flexible, durable and insulating but are not practical for heavy work or in very cold environments as they become rigid when temperatures drop below approximately -10 degrees Celsius [-23 degrees Fahrenheit]. The most common types of latex used in the manufacture of gloves are surgical and examination gloves.
Plastic is a man-made material which is oil based. Plastic gloves are lightweight, insulating and provide good protection but are not always as flexible as other materials. The most common type of plastic used in the manufacture of gloves is vinyl.
Glove sizing is not an exact science and manufacturers use a variety of different methods to determine what size a glove should be. Some manufacturers size their gloves based on the length of a persons hand measured from the tip of the middle finger to the base of the palm. Other companies size their gloves based on the circumference of a persons hand around the palm at its widest point.
Most companies size their gloves based on the hand length measurement and categorize their gloves based on number ranges.
Glove sizes are often represented by single letters which stand for Small, Medium and Large or numerical values ranging from XS-XL.
Additionally, some manufacturers use double letters such as SM-XL to represent Small, Medium and Large in an effort to make their sizing guidelines easier to read and understand.
Glove Sizing Table
Hand Length Hand Circumference Glove Size 6.75 – 7″ (17.14 – 17.78 cm) 7.5″ – 8″ (19.05 – 20.32 cm) SM-XL 7.5″ – 8″ (19.05 – 20.32 cm) 8.25″ – 9″ (20.96 – 22.85 cm) M-L 8.25″ – 9″ (20.96 – 22.85 cm) 8.75″ – 10″ (22.23 – 25.4 cm) XL
Glove Padding and Protection
Glove padding refers to the amount of insulating material and protective material placed between the users hand and the outside environment.
Insulating material is used to help keep the hands warm in cold environments and protect the hands from heat damage when working with hot materials or equipment.
Protective material is designed to protect the hands from cuts, abrasions, chemical burns and punctures in addition to any other hazards present.
The different types of protective and insulating material and their location within the glove determine the level of protection and insulation a glove provides.
Insulating gloves consist of fabric that traps pockets of air to help protect the hands against heat and cold. The amount and type of fabric contained within insulation gloves determine the level of warmth they provide.
Thick wool fabric is an inexpensive material that can be used to make warm, comfortable gloves but does not offer much protection against cuts or abrasions.
Thinsulate is a material made up of tiny fibers of glass encapsulated in plastic. Thinsulate is lightweight and provides excellent protection against the elements but does not provide much abrasion protection.
Goats wool is a natural material that can be used to make gloves but it’s bulky and heavy and does not offer much in the way of heat protection.
Deerskin is a thin, pliable and durable material commonly used in work gloves. Deerskin does a good job of protecting hands from heat and cuts but does little to insulate.
Protective gloves are made using heavy-duty materials that are puncture, cut and abrasion resistant. Such gloves can be used in a variety of applications such as those that involve working with sharp objects or handling hazardous chemicals.
Leather gloves are durable and flexible yet still provide good abrasion protection. They do not insulate the hands very well and are commonly paired with insulating liners to increase warmth.
Nitrile gloves are made from a synthetic rubber and provide an excellent barrier against chemicals. They are puncture- and cut-resistant as well as flexible but do not offer much warmth.
Polyurethane is commonly used in work gloves to provide a flexible, abrasion-resistant material that also provides some chemical resistance.
Glove liners consist of thin material designed to be worn underneath larger work gloves for extra warmth or protection. Glove liners provide little in the way of protection but are designed to be used with larger work gloves for added warmth.
Insulating Glove Liners
Insulating glove liners consist of thin materials such as wool, fleece or Thinsulate that are designed to provide extra warmth for the hands. Such liners are commonly worn under larger work gloves and are usually less expensive than purchasing two pairs of gloves.
Wool glove liners provide extra warmth but are itchy and bulky. They can be used to repair holes in work gloves or worn by themselves in non-work situations.
Fleece glove liners are made from soft, thick material that provides superior warmth. They are ideal for wearing under larger work gloves and are less expensive than purchasing two pairs of work gloves.
Thinsulate glove liners consist of tiny fibers of glass encapsulated in plastic. They are lightweight and flexible yet provide excellent heat retention.
Leather Glove Liners
Leather glove liners consist of thin leather pieces sewn together to form a seamless liner that slides over the hands. They are durable and can be worn by themselves in non-work situations.
When it comes to warmth, you have three options: clothing designed to keep you warm; body heat retention; and external sources of heat.
Clothing designed for warmth is your best bet. These clothes use layers to trap warm air close to the skin and wick away moisture that causes sweat which in turn cools the body. The most important thing is to stay dry since wet clothing can cause hypothermia even in temperatures above freezing.
Wool is an excellent choice for clothing. It traps air next to the skin and tends not to hold moisture since it can absorb up to 30% of its own weight without feeling wet.
Cotton, on the other hand, is a bad choice. It holds moisture close to the skin and even when dry, it tends to be heavy and tends to retain odors. In wet conditions, cotton kills in less than a day.
Layering is important since it allows you to adjust to temperature changes and activity levels. The more active you are, the more heat is produced and lost so you want to make sure your clothes can compensate.
Moss grows on the North side of trees. This helps you determine which way is North should you become lost.
When it gets cloudy and the sun disappears, you can find the North Star in the sky. It is located in the Little Dipper and can help you determine where North is.
Green moss only grows on the North side of trees. This is especially true in Southern England.
You can see moss growing on rocks and trees in shaded areas even during the day. Check for such signs hidden under bushes and around the base of trees.
When it is cloudy, find a tree and make a guess as to which way the moss is growing. Then walk that way for a distance and scan the area every few feet for moss.
Always keep an eye out for natural rock formations and shelter locations especially when you travel through open areas. These can provide temporary shelter if needed.
Look for drop-offs, especially near water. They may provide cave possibilities.
Keep your clothing and shoes as dry as possible. Wet clothing not only loses all heat retention abilities, but it also takes much longer to dry. This can lead to hypothermia.
Be careful of poisonous plants. Many are similar in appearance to edible plants. Always check a plant several times before consumption and do not trust the first example you find.
Some will cause illness while others are lethal.
Stay away from the ocean if you can. Hurricane activity tends to increase in September and October. The warmer the water, the stronger the hurricanes.
They survive by sucking up energy from the warm ocean waters. Storms can turn seawater into spray that erodes soil, washing it into the sea. Powerful winds also destroy shallow-rooted vegetation and cause flash floods in normally dry riverbeds.
Rainstorms can also lead to flooding. Floods occur in low-lying areas such as near rivers and washes. It is always best to be in a high location when a flood occurs.
In September, Hurricane season peaks. At this time of the year, a strong storm can appear suddenly and catch you off guard. It is very important that you know what to do when one is spotted.
If you are in a safe location, stay put until the storm passes. If there is no high ground around, follow these steps: Find a depression on high ground. This can be carved out by digging or finding a depression that is naturally there such as a pond basin or a shallow cave. Be sure to size it so that water does not fill it during the storm.
Fill containers with sand since this can be used for building a shelter after the storm has passed.
Gather materials to build a shelter such as branches, boards, and rope.
If nothing is available for building, then you will need to get wet in order to stay warm. You must also remove all of your clothes (assuming you haven’t already) and wrap them in a bundle so they wont get lost during the storm. Then lie next to your clothes on the ground and cover yourself with a blanket of fresh sand.
Try not to move once you are covered since this will only waste energy and can lead to serious injury or death.
Be sure to keep an eye out for flash floods. During a flood, the water level can rise from zero to six feet in just a few minutes. In an arroyo or gully water can rise even faster since the walls act as a funnel.
After the storm has passed, do not leave your shelter until you are certain that the worst is over. This is especially true if you are in an arroyo or wash since the walls can sometimes conceal the oncoming rush of floodwaters. Once you feel it is safe you can leave your shelter and begin the clean-up process.
After the storm has ended, you will be faced with the hardship of rebuilding. You may be without a shelter or food if your supplies where damaged by flooding. This is where the sand you filled containers with earlier will come in handy.
By digging a hole you can easily re-bury the container and create a makeshift oven. With some effort, the sand can be heated to temperatures high enough to bake clay. This is how the Native Americans created pottery and it is an easy way to roast food as well as yourself.
You can also use the oven to purify water by boiling it. This will get rid of any harmful organisms that may have contaminated the water supply. Always boil the water for at least ten minutes.
This is important since some organisms can survive in a dormant state for up to an hour under certain conditions.
If your shelter has been damaged you can build a make-shift tent out of sheets and boards. If you do not have either, then you will need to find alternative materials such as grass or palm tree leaves.
Before the next storm hits, you will want to head somewhere safer such as a friend’s house or a hotel. You may even decide to pack everything up and move some place else altogether if you believe it is too dangerous to stay.
With these tips in mind, you should have everything you need to survive the rainy season. Be safe and stay alert since there are always dangers out there.
Sources & references used in this article:
Armoured work glove by TF Votel – US Patent App. 29/338,514, 2010 – Google Patents
Flexible motorcycle glove by EJ Lim – US Patent 3,918,096, 1975 – Google Patents
Glove by T Votel, A Olson, D Aris – US Patent App. 29/561,841, 2017 – Google Patents
Padded glove by D Shutt – ISHN, 2010 – BNP Media
Effects of gloves on the total grip strength applied to cylindrical handles by E Mentor – 2018 – Electrician Mentor
Sports glove by J Tirinen – US Patent 4,484,359, 1984 – Google Patents
Racing glove by B Wimer, TW McDowell, XS Xu, DE Welcome… – International Journal of …, 2010 – Elsevier