Hydraulic Filter Types:
There are several types of hydraulic filters available in the market today. There are different kinds of hydraulic filters.
1) Pneumatic or Vacuum Filters : These type of hydraulic filter are used to remove water from your home’s plumbing system when it becomes clogged with debris such as dirt, sand, leaves, etc.
They work by using pressurized air to blow out the water before it gets into the pipes.
2) Chemical or Electrostatic Filters : These type of hydraulic filter are used to prevent bacteria growth in the plumbing system.
They use chemicals like chlorine bleach to kill any microorganisms that may be present.
3) Carbon Monoxide (CO): CO is a gas produced naturally by plants and animals, but can also be created artificially through combustion of fossil fuels.
When CO enters the plumbing system, it reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide. This causes the water level in the pipes to rise due to pressure loss.
If there is no other way of removing excess water from the pipes, then these types of filters will allow you to do so without having to replace all your fixtures and faucets.
4) Chlorine (CL):Chlorine is similar in nature to the chlorine in your swimming pool.
It is used to disinfect the water in the plumbing system and the appliances that use water such as sinks, toilets, washing machines, etc. If you have extremely hard water or live in an area with a high concentration of minerals in your water, then these filters can help remove them from your water supply.
5) KDF :This is a type of carbon-based filter that is very effective in removing iron and chlorine from water.
Typically, these filters are installed at the point where your main water supply enters the house.
6) Nano Silver (NS):Nano silver is a type of silver that has been reduced to tiny particles 1/100,000,000th the size of regular silver.
Silver has natural healing and germicidal properties. These filters are used to disinfect the water as it passes through the filter, improving odor and taste.
7) Salt Free (SF):These filters do not use any type of salt in their operation.
In fact, they use a combination of minerals and carbon to improve taste and odor. These filters can also increase the pH balance in your water, making it more suitable for drinking.
8) Silver Impregnated (SI):These filters use silver particles to disinfect the water as it passes through.
They do not need any type of chemicals to kill bacteria or other harmful contaminants. These filters are one of the most effective in eliminating bacteria and other microorganisms.
9) Ultraviolet (UV):These types of filters use a UV lamp to disinfect the water as it passes through.
These filters are known to eliminate bacteria and other microorganisms when used properly.
10) Water Softener (WS):These types of filters are designed to eliminate water hardness in your house. They do this by removing the excess magnesium and calcium ions from the water.
These ions are what cause water to become “hard”. This type of filter does not disinfect the water, so you should use a salt-free or silver impregnated filter if you want to eliminate harmful microorganisms.
Now that you know the different types, you need to choose what is right for you. You must take into consideration your water type, usage, and taste when making your final choice.
If you are unsure of what you need, look at your current filtration system. If it is one of those big white containers with a tank on the side, you need to get a new system.
If you have one of those big white containers with a tank on the side, then you need to get one of those refrigerator size tanks. Those are only good if you have extremely hard water and cannot use a water softener.
What type of water do you have?
Well, unless you live in an old house, it is probably soft water. Most houses built after 1950 use a water softening system to eliminate the large amounts of magnesium and calcium in the tap water.
Magnesium and calcium are good for your health, but drinking large amounts of them can cause problems. That is why they put these systems in most houses built after that year.
If you have a water softener, you need to have a water filter that uses Salt Free or KDF. These will ensure you get all the necessary minerals while eliminating the harmful excess of magnesium and calcium in your water.
If you don’t have a water softener or don’t know what is in your house, then you need to determine what type of water you have. You can do this by looking at the limescale in your shower or running an empty glass with unwashed dishes until it has a white film.
Most likely, if you are reading this, you have hard water. If this is the case, then you need to use a filter that uses Salt Free or KDF technology.
Now that you know what kind of water you have, let’s look at your usage.
1) If you just need one filter for your entire household, then you should use a refrigerator tank type.
These tanks can hold up to 200 gallons of water and will last about a month depending on how big your family is. Most people don’t like these because they take up a lot of room in your house and cost a lot to install.
If you want to learn more about these, go to the bottom of this article.
2) If you just need one to drink from, then you can use a counter top filter.
These are much smaller than the refrigerator tanks and only hold about 6 gallons of water at a time. They cost more initially but because they take up less space and are cheaper, most people choose this option.
You can read more about these types of filters below.
3) If you have a well, then you will need a different approach depending on how many gallons you need per day.
To calculate this, multiply the number of people in your house by 75. This will give you the minimum amount of gallons you need.
Now if you want to be realistic, add another 20% to that. So if you have a family of 4, you will need (4 x 75) 300 gallons or (4 x 75) + (4 x .20) = 480 gallons per day. Now you can start to think about what kind of well you have and how much water it can produce.
Now if you want detailed instructions on how to figure this out, read the section below titled: How do I know what kind of well do I have?
Now that you know how many gallons per day you need, you are ready to decide what kind of system you need. First let’s look at the different types of filtration systems.
1) If you need a system for your whole house, you will need a large tank (200 gallons or more).
These are placed in a storage area like a garage or closet and have an output hose that leads to an faucet in your kitchen. You can also get them with a dispenser that allows you to just fill up reusable bottles.
These systems cost more money initially but they save space, and can be installed easily by yourself. You can learn more about these types of filters below.
2) If you only need to filter a few gallons at a time, like for drinking water in your basement, then you can use smaller filters.
These can either be combined with your kitchen faucet or they can be separate units that sit next to the faucet. The advantages of these systems is that they are cheaper and easier to install.
You can read more about these types of water filters below.
Once you know what kind of system you need, you are ready to pick out a system. The best way is to go to your local hardware store and look at their selection.
I would avoid places like costco or box stores like that because the mark up on the water filters is usually very high. If you know what brands you want, you can also shop online but make sure you are getting a good deal. The water filters I list below are a good place to start.
The most important thing is to keep your water filters maintained. This means checking or changing the filter or cartridges on a regular basis.
Some need to be done every month, while others can go for months without needing to be changed. You will find the time frame on the instructions that come with the filters. It’s also a good idea to test your water quality from time to time. I use a meter called TDS which you can get from Amazon for about $40. This measures total dissolved solids and not only lets you know if you need to change the filter, but also lets you know the quality of your water. You want a TDS reading of less than 500. The reading can fluctuate based on recent weather and local conditions, so testing from time to time is important.
Every six months, you should also inspect the entire water filter system for leaks or other problems. Some are easier to maintain than others so look online to see which one is right for you.
Now that you know what filters to use and how to care for them, let’s talk about storing water in case of an emergency. You should always have at least 1 gallon of water per person for at least 1 week.
So if you are a family of 4, you need a minimum of 4 gallons. You also need to have a way to filter this water in an emergency, so I recommend that you look into getting a small filter like the ones described above.
If you find you need more water, and you are near a pond or stream, you can boil the water. This will kill most of the bacteria in it, and you can then store this water in your bathtub.
If you live in a city, you are going to have a harder time finding water in an emergency, but do not give up, keep looking and be creative.
Water is heavy and hard to carry so think ahead of time on how you will get it home. You can use empty plastic bottles or soda cans to carry small amounts of water, or if you have enough time, you can fill up a wheel barrow and bring it home.
If you are tight on space, you can store 5-10 gallons in a mini-shipping container. These stack nicely and can easily be moved to a safe location outside your house. If you have the money, you could also consider buying a water filter like the ones described above and keep it in your car.
I personally recommend having at least 2 weeks of water stored in some way.
5. Start a garden
A garden takes a little time and effort to set up but the rewards are great. In addition to having fresh nutritious food, you can also use your homegrown produce to trade with neighbors that do not have a green thumb, or do not have the time or desire to tend a garden of their own.
Having a garden is also a good way to be more self-sufficient and not rely on grocery stores for food.
There are many different types of gardens:
Herb Gardens – These are great for seasoning your food and have a lot less upkeep than other types of gardens.
You can grow the herbs in your yard, window box, or even in large containers that can be placed on a porch or patio.
If you have the room, you could also consider planting them in the ground. Herbs are fairly low-maintenance and will thrive with little water.
Just be sure to harvest what you need and then give the herbs extra water so they do not die.
If you’re only growing a few pots, then any old container will do. However, if you have the money to spend then I recommend getting some grow bags.
These are reusable and can be placed almost anywhere. This makes them much easier to water as you just drag them into the shower and they can also be drained completely so no over-watering occurs.
Lettuce – Lettuce grows fairly quickly and can be harvested multiple times from each plant. Lettuce also grows in a wide range of conditions so it can be planted early or late in the season depending on your climate.
Spinach – Spinach is a cool season crop and will not tolerate extreme heat. It also cannot withstand frost.
It prefers loose, well-worked soil that does not get too wet.
Strawberries – Strawberries are a great crop to grow. The plants themselves are attractive and only take up a 2’x4′ area when planted in a row.
They also produce a lot of fruit.
Tomatoes – Tomatoes are one of the easiest things to grow and will thrive in most climates. They do best in raised beds with rich soil that is high in organic material.
They need a lot of water and should be watered daily. If you are short on space you can always build a cage to grow them on your patio.
Tomatoes can also be grown in large containers so long as they have a stake or something to trellis them as they grow.
Like I said, there are many different types of gardens you could start, these are just a few suggestions.
6. Check your State Laws
Before taking any further steps, it is vital that you check your state and local gun laws.
Many states have restrictions on certain firearms and ammunition. Some states do not let you own any semi-automatic firearms or any magazine fed shotguns.
Magazines can also be restricted to a certain number of rounds. For instance, the state of New York only allows you to have magazines that hold 7 rounds or less.
Some locations also have restrictions on how many firearms you can own and how many rounds of ammunition you can purchase per month.
It is your responsibility to know these laws. Ignorance will not be considered a valid excuse when the government takes your firearms and imprison you.
If you live in a state such as New York or Illinois, I highly recommend moving.
If you cannot move, then it is vital that you start making preparations to minimize the fallout from the laws that are sure to come.
Once the laws go into full effect, you are not going to be able to easily replace any of your firearms or magazines.
You have been warned.
7. Check Out The Library
Now we get to have some fun. It is time to pick out your firearms!
I’m sure you already have an idea of what you would like to have, but it never hurts to do a little research first.
Check out your local library and search through books on firearms. Look up your desired model and see what the pros and cons are.
Which ones are better? Is there anything similar that might be manufactured again one day?
Buy any books you find useful and take them home.
8. Start buying the pieces for your collection
This is the fun part. Go ahead and buy whatever firearms you like.
You might want to check online to see which ones are more desirable and which ones you should avoid. There are many forums online where people sell and trade firearms.
If possible, go to a local gun show and see if you can find any vendors selling the type of gun you are looking for. Not only will you be able to see the guns up close, you can often times haggle with the seller and get a better price.
You might not find exactly what you are looking for at a gun show, but you may be able to find something similar.
As for me, I am going to be looking for a Rossi Model 62 semi automatic .22LR rifle.
It is an Italian knock off of the famous German Heckler and Koch SL-8. You can find out more about this rifle on the internet.
Once you have completed your research, then it is time to buy! You’ve already checked for your state and local restrictions, now it is time to take advantage while you still can.
Most of all, have fun! This is supposed to be a hobby where you enjoy yourself.
So enjoy yourself.
9. Extra Credit
There are many extra things you can do to prepare. You do not need to do all of them, or even any of them for that matter.
This list is just here for those that want to be as prepared as possible.
Continue your research into whatever it is you are planning to collect. You never know what obscure fact you might run across that will help you in the future.
Try buying some extra gun related items, especially those that are now impossible to find and expensive on the secondary market. This will help you to diversify your collection and make it so that if something happens to your main desire then you still have something to fall back on.
This ends the guide. I hope you found it useful and that you have fun doing the challenge.
This concludes this guide. Hopefully this has been helpful to you and has helped you on your quest to complete your gun collection!
If you have any questions, feel free to ask them at this thread:
Thanks for all the support everyone! The response to this has been overwhelming and the guide has even been listed on a couple of sites!
I really appreciate all the kind words and help.
Thank you all!
With the creation of this guide, it is now time to move on from this. I have to focus all my attention on my civilian life for a while.
If this becomes popular and I still have time on my hands then I will try to answer questions when I can, but as for adding any more content or maintaining this in any way, I’m afraid that’s not happening.
Below this, you will see five listings of different firearms. These are just some examples of what you can find when searching for your desired gun.
The reason why I selected these is because they were all brought up at one point or another during the writing of this guide in the questions or comments. This way, you can get an idea of some of the things you can find and the different variations that are out there. Good luck on your search!
Hope this helps!
If you are ever in the Tahoe area and want to go shooting, let me know! I’d be more than happy to take you out to the range and lend you any gun you need for the occasion when you find one you like.
As always, I like to thank all those that helped contribute to this guide. You know who you are.
The following are some general tips and thoughts on the subject, as well as some advice that was given to me when I first started out.
Always, always, ALWAYS be safe. Guns are not to be played with and can be very dangerous if not handled properly or if used by a person lacking in common sense.
This is why I don’t recommend beginners going out and buying a gun off the street. Wait until you have a bit of experience before doing something like that.
I also want to stress that just because you have a gun, does not mean you should go out looking for a fight. I never have and I never will.
You should only use your gun for two reasons: self defense or hunting. That’s it. Nothing else. Don’t be “that guy”.
Always keep your gun on your person if you own one. This isn’t the old wild west where people walk around with their guns hanging out of their holster.
I recommend either keeping it on your body in some sort of concealable way (possibilities include thigh strap, belt holster (not recommended for guns as big as the ones in this guide), ankle holster, inside pocket, etc) or keeping it very close by and grabbing it when you know there is a potential threat. For example, if you own a rifle or shotgun, I recommend a heavy leather gun case that can be locked. These can withstand weather (somewhat) and keep someone from running off with it. If you own a pistol, I recommend a gun safe that is sturdy and can’t be broken into easily (it’s also handy for long guns as well). Also, ALWAYS keep the ammunition separate.
If you own a hunting style rifle, I strongly recommend taking a hunter safety course. A few states require this before you can buy a hunting license or even purchase a gun.
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Hydraulic modeling of clay ceramic water filters for point-of-use water treatment by RW Schweitzer, JA Cunningham… – Environmental science & …, 2013 – ACS Publications
Hydraulic lime mortar for stone, brick and block masonry: a best practice guide by G Allen – 2015 – books.google.com
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