Best Drywall Hammer Reviews:
Drywall Nails Review:
Stiletto Stilettos are the most popular type of nail used in construction. They have been around since ancient times.
A stiletto nail is a small, sharpened piece of metal with a point at one end. These nails are usually made from steel or nickel plated brass and they come in many sizes ranging from 1/4 inch to 3 inches long. Some stiletto nails are longer than others.
A good quality stiletto nail will last for years if properly cared for. However, some people do not like using stiletto nails because they tend to break easily.
Other people prefer using other types of nails such as wood screws instead of stilettos. Wood screws are easier to use and less expensive than stilettos.
Drywall sheets are panels of material made out of a thick paste or paper-like material mixed with water, joint compound, and powdered gypsum. They come in a variety of thicknesses and weights.
The most common types are 1/4 inch, 3/8 inch, 1/2 inch, and 5/8 inch. These panels are very strong but fragile. They are easy to damage. They can be torn or punctured if mishandled. To increase their strength and make them more durable they can be laminated with a layer of fiberglass mat, metal lath, or screening.
Drywall sheets are used in the construction of interior walls and ceilings and are fastened to wooden framing members or directly to concrete or metal studs using drywall screws, nails, or t-nuts. They are also used as a base for wallpapering or for painting.
These screws have a flat head and a sharp spiral cutting edge. They are used to fasten drywall sheets to wooden framing members or directly onto metal framing members.
Drywall screws should not be over-tightened because this could cause the head to strip out, the sheet to bend, or the threads to break.
Stiletto Drywall Hammers:
Stiletto drywall hammers are used to drive drywall screws or nails into wood framing members or metal framing members. These hammers have a sharp cutting edge on the face of the hammer head that slices through the wood or metal and allows the screw to bite in and grip tightly.
The razor-sharp cutting edge keeps its shape and is self-honing.
Stiletto drywall hammers come in a variety of designs and weights. They can be made of steel, brass, copper, or aluminum and can weigh between 6 ounces and 1 pound.
Some hammers are straight claw types and others are curved claw types. The straight claw type has a longer reach but the curved claw type does not fall off the screw as easily when using it. To prevent slippage a rubber handle cover can be put over the handle.
Drywall hammers should be kept clean and free of debris. The cutting edge should be kept sharp by rubbing it back and forth on a whetstone or oilstone from time to time.
Stiletto drywall hammers are used extensively in construction, carpentry, and remodeling.
Drywall screws are small wood screws that are used to fasten drywall sheets to framing members. These screws have a sharp spiral cutting edge that slices into wood or metal.
When the screw is turned, the screw cuts into the material and grips tightly. They come in various lengths and are manufactured from soft metals such as brass or steel. Soft metal screws are used when attaching drywall to softwoods such as pine or spruce. Hard metal screws are used when attaching drywall to hardwoods such as oak or maple.
Drywall t-bolts are flat metal strips with a “t” shaped opening on one end. They are used to secure drywall to metal framing members.
The bolt is placed through the opening and then a washer, nut, and wing-nut is used to tighten the bolt and secure the drywall. These bolts can only be used on the horizontal rails of metal framing members. They cannot be used on vertical studs or the floor or ceiling joists.
Drywall t-bolts are only used to secure drywall to framing members and are not designed to support any weight. They are not designed to support drywall that is attached to only one side or fastened to framing members that have been constructed with incorrect spacing.
Drywall screws and t-bolts are used extensively in construction, carpentry, remodeling, and renovation. They can be found at building supply stores and home centers.
BRACING & SUPPORT
Sheetrock acts as a structural component when properly installed to framing members that have been placed at the correct spacing in accordance with building codes. This means that the sheetrock is capable of carrying some of the load placed upon it.
This is known as “Load Transfer”. Load Transfer occurs when a sheet of drywall is attached to two separate vertical framing members with minimum distances of 24″ on center.
In order to distribute the weight of doors, windows, and other assemblies that are hung in pocket openings, the distance between the framing members must be increased to 48″ on center. This is known as “Load Concentration”.
The closer the framing members are spaced, the more weight is concentrated on the drywall. Load Concentration will cause the sheetrock to bow and buckle.
The bowed drywall will cause doors and windows to not operate properly. Shelf-like cracks will form at the edges of the bowed sheetrock. In severe cases, the bowed sheetrock can crack wide open causing sections of drywall to fall off of the wall.
Load Concentration is not the only cause of drywall cracks. Drywall sheets can develop cracks for a variety of reasons including the type of wall, the method of installation, or simply the house settling on its foundation.
Cracks can develop around pipes, wires, and other openings that have been installed in the sheetrock. Cracks around windows and doors are one of the most common types of cracks. These are known as “Opening Cracks”.
Door and window openings are prone to cracks stemming from a variety of factors. When windows and doors are installed, the edges of the sheetrock are notched out to fit around the door or window frame.
The weight of the door or window is then transferred to a much smaller area. This causes stress on the sheetrock surrounding the opening. The repeated opening and closing of a door or window causes the surrounding sheetrock to crack with each movement.
Another common cause of cracks is the use of expansion strips or fillers near the edges of windows and doors. As the framing around the door or window expands and contracts with temperature changes, the strips are pulled back and forth stressing the sheetrock surrounding the strip.
Cracks often form at these locations.
Cracks can also develop over time as a house settles on its foundation. Sheetrock is rather flexible and will bend rather than crack when a small amount of pressure is applied.
As a house settles, stresses are placed on the sheetrock causing it to slowly bend and warp. The constant bending of the drywall will cause it to eventually crack.
Types of Cracks:
Surface Cracks Surface cracks are the most common form of drywall cracks. They appear around windows, doors, and any other area where stress is being applied to the sheetrock.
Surface cracks range in length from less than an inch to several feet in length. The edges of the cracks are fairly sharp and straight, and a small crease runs along the middle of the crack. Surface cracks can usually be fixed by applying a thin coat of drywall compound over the crack. Lightly sand after the compound dries to smooth out the finish.
Step Cracks Step Cracks are one of the more serious types of drywall cracks. They resemble steps in that they have several peaks and valleys running perpendicular to the wall.
The creases in between the peaks and valleys are sharp and deep. The main cause of step cracks is bowing of the sheetrock from too much load concentration. To fix a step crack, it must be completely removed by cutting out the damaged section of sheetrock. The edges of the newly cut section must be carefully sanded and then smoothly re-installed. Step cracks cannot be fixed with drywall compounds or textures, they have to be redone completely.
A large step crack
Tape Cracks Tape Cracks are formed when the tape used to install the drywall is over-stretched. They are very similar to surface cracks in that they run along the edge of openings and around doors and windows.
Tape cracks can be distinguished from other types of cracks by the white crease that runs along the middle of the crack. The edges of the Tape Crack can be sanded smooth after it has been repaired.
Sources & references used in this article:
Hammer construction by T Crowder – US Patent 3,763,906, 1973 – Google Patents
Drywall tool by LF Witter – US Patent 5,749,113, 1998 – Google Patents
Hammer by R Foster – US Patent 6,959,465, 2005 – Google Patents
Self powered magazine hammer by C Heldmann – 2006 – Storey Publishing
Hammer with replaceable nail striking head by JM Christensen – US Patent 5,199,627, 1993 – Google Patents
Pry bar with built in hammer and nail remover by HJ Hurley – US Patent 6,332,376, 2001 – Google Patents