The Lincoln Motor Company was founded in 1885 and they are one of the oldest automobile manufacturers in America. They have been making cars since 1903. Their first car was called the “Lincoln” and it had a two-cylinder engine producing just over 20 horsepower. By 1909, their second model was ready and it featured a four cylinder engine producing 40 hp (25 kW). However, the company’s future was not assured until they released their third model in 1911. This new car featured a V8 engine with a displacement of 4 liters (106 cu. in.). Its output was 200 hp (135 kW) and its top speed reached 55 mph (88 km/h). In 1912, the company introduced a fourth model which used a six cylinder engine with an output of 250 hp (155 kW), but it could only reach 30 mph (48 km/h).
In 1913, the company released another new model called the “Lincoln Continental”. This car featured a V12 engine with an output of 400 hp (250 kW). The car was capable of reaching 60 mph (97 km/h) and its top speed was up to 100 mph (160 km/h). The following year saw the release of the “Edsel Ford”, a car with an 8-cylinder engine that achieved a top speed of 72 mph (116 km/h). The company released another car in 1916, the “Lincoln 60”, which used a V8 engine which generated 225 hp (166 kW).
During this time, the company entered into a legal battle against Ford. They accused him of copying their designs. This clash with Ford caused them to suffer financial losses. In 1918, the company was acquired by the Ford Motor Company and it became a subsidiary. They ended up going out of business in 1920 when they merged into the Ford Motor Company.
The “Lincoln” brand was re-launched in 1926 and it is still in existence today being one of the many luxury car brands owned by Ford.
The “Continental” brand was also introduced by the company in 1928. It was primarily used for the conversion of cars such as the Model A and Model T. It was launched just before the start of the Great Depression and the last cars were sold in 1942. The “Zephyr” brand was introduced in 1936 and it became the company’s new luxury brand which would take over from the “Lincoln”. During this time, the company was still under the control of Ford and they were starting to become more innovative.
Their ideas for a V6 engine, but their rivals had already patented this idea so they created a V8 with a flathead design which they released in 1932. The name of this new car was the “V8-70”.
The company’s innovation continued and in 1940, they were the first company to create an automatic transmission. They also created the first car air conditioning system in the same year. The first car with disc brakes was released in 1948 and the first automatic transmission to have push-button controls was released in 1953. The company also started to release several new models of the Zephyr and Continental.
In 1952, the last cars to use the Lincoln name were released and this included the “Continental Café Boulevard”. The company also released their first car to have a fiberglass body in 1953, the “Zephyr Zodiac”. The company ended their relationship with Ford in 1954 when they were acquired by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation. The “Continental” brand was replaced by the “Sparklett’s” brand which was later renamed to “Continental”. The cars released under this brand had small V8 engines.
In 1956, the company released a car called the “Continental Mark II” which was meant to compete with luxury cars in Europe. In the same year, they also acquired Kaiser-Frazer Corporation and this brought the newly formed company back into profitability. They also started to release new luxury cars under the “Kaiser” brand. The company ended its relationship with Packard in 1958 and they created their own in-house luxury brand called the “Edsel”. They also released a new car called the “Edsel Corsair”.
This was the last Edsel branded car that was ever released.
From 1959, the company started to release new cars under the name of “Ford” which included large and small family cars, sports cars, and even an American Muscle Car called the “Ford Mustang” in 1964.
In 1985, the company decided to release a luxury car called the “Lincoln”. The brand was re-launched and this included a badge that was designed to look like an oval which had a “winged” “F” on it. This was designed to be a similar winged “F” to Ford’s winged “F”. The brand was mainly used on large executive cars and during the 1990s, they started to become popular among movie stars and rappers. In 2000, the brand released a version of its Navigator SUV that was especially designed for U.S.
President Bill Clinton.
In 2012, the latest Lincoln Motor Company’s model was released and this was the MKZ. The car was designed to compete with other luxury cars such as the Toyota Avalon, the Hyundai Azera and the Chevrolet Impala. The car has been awarded several international awards for its high performance and luxury features since its release. A new version of the car known as the MKZ Concept is scheduled to be released in 2015.
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Camera Tracking in the Process of Designing Selective Auto-Darkening Filter by S Buchholz, A Malik, B Hillers, A Gräser – iat.uni-bremen.de
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